In criminal court the task of the lawyer, ideally, is to
relieve his client from the real term of imprisonment,
having achieved his acquittal or probation. In reality,
however, the complexity of some criminal cases is that even
a good lawyer can achieve only reducing the term of real
imprisonment to the minimum possible in the circumstances of
However, the real term of imprisonment specified in the
sentence of the court, not necessarily is the final term
which the defendant had to serve. Because Russian
legislation provides for such a thing as parole.
Means that a prisoner who is repentant of his conduct, and
is not allowed serious violations of the regime of the
correctional institution is entitled to parole. The period
for which a prisoner may leave the correctional institution
before the term of imprisonment assigned by the court
depends on the seriousness of the offence and shall be
calculated in part from a sentence of imprisonment imposed
by the court.
For example, for crimes of small and average severity of the
sentence can be reduced by two thirds!. But in any case, a
petition for parole, the prisoner or his representative
(lawyer) can sue no earlier than six months from the
beginning of the sentence.
The task of the attorney for the parole is to convince the
court that his client is worthy of parole. For this
forgiveness on parole should be compiled correctly, and it
needs to be the inclusion of all important documents.
To affect the characteristics of the convicted person, which
makes and sends to the court the prison administration, the
lawyer, for obvious reasons, can't. But it can provide the
court documents showing, for example that the freedom of the
prisoner remained minor children or elderly parents
requiring care on his part.
Even if the court rejects the first request for parole
(which often happens), after six months, the advocate has
the right to file a new petition, which may be granted by
the court. Sometimes a lawyer has to achieve through court
cancellation of penalties unlawfully imposed by the prison
administration for his client, since the presence of these
sanctions in the individual case prevents parole.